Various Types of Male Enhancement Pills – Safety and Do They Really Work?

July 24, 2020

Male enhancement is a wide term that is used for referring to male enhancement pills and other products that either help in making the penis bigger, improve sexual performance or both. Although the term is used synonymously with enlargement of penis, there are other functions as well that are served by male enlargement, namely boosted semen production, effective treatment of erectile dysfunction and longer endurance. Here we will tell you everything you need to know about male enhancement pills.

What Are Male Enhancement Pills?

Male enhancement pills are those products that help in enhancing sexual stamina, penis size or libido in men. Also called sex pills, these pills come in several forms, such as natural supplements to prescription oral capsules. By using male enhancement pills, you can increase penis girth and size and many more:

• enhanced pleasure during sex
• bigger penis
• full erection for a longer duration
• harder or stronger erections

We know that you must have read a number of claims made on the Internet about these products. We suggest you keep away from unregulated and non-prescription websites that provide illegal versions of the drugs that you can get from your doctor.

Yes, you guessed it right. It is difficult to find a genuine product but if you dig deep, you can find it.

Can Male Enhancement Pills Improve Your Sex Life?

Yes, male enhancement pills can make a drastic change in your sex life by helping you in achieving harder erections and increased sex drive. These also work by escalating your desire for sex and enhancing your energy.

Teven Lamm, MD and assistant professor at the New York University states that over the counter male enhancements products are beneficial only for those men who experience a decrease in their sexual performance but there is no diagnosable sexual problem. However, if you have a diagnosable sexual problem, it should be properly treated by a doctor.

What are the Different Types of Male Enhancement Pills?

There is a large variety of male enhancement pills available in the market. These are:
a. Prescription medicines:
b. Non-Prescription
c. Natural Supplements

Prescription medicines

As per the American Urological Association, oral phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) are prescribed for treating erectile dysfunction. Drugs belonging to this category are:

• Sildenafil citrate
• Tadalafil
• Vardenafil hydrochloride

Hormone replacement therapy might also be prescribed to some people if there is a hormonal imbalance in the body resulting in the symptoms. Replacement androgens can be given as oral, gel, injection and transdermal preparations.

Non-Prescription Pills

These are often illegal and unregulated. They contain natural supplements that are claimed to help in male enhancement. But, US FDA does not approve of their use. They can contain vitamins, essential oils and micronutrients that will help in boosting male health, increase testosterone levels in the body and put a brake on aging process.

Natural Supplements

Natural supplements like yohimbine and horny goat weed can help in male enhancement. Here is a list of supplements that you can use for male enhancement:


L- arginine is an amino acid that is commonly found in poultry, red meat and dairy products that helps in Improving blood flow and expands blood vessels. You can take L Arginine supplements to improve your sex life.

Vitamin D

It has been found that men with vitamin D deficiency were most likely to suffer from ED than healthy men. The sunshine vitamin helps in maintaining a healthy blood supply around the tissues of penis that helps in fighting ED.


This is a go-to herb for improving sexual performance and is obtained from the bark of West African evergreen tree. However, there are a handful of side effects associated with this herb and therefore, it should be used cautiously.

Horny Goat Weed

Despite the name, this herb will only help you in treating your ED and boost your libido. It has also been used by Chinese physicians for centuries to treat ED

Panax Ginseng

Considered an aphrodisiac by Chinese physicians, ginseng is known to do much more to your engine. It has been found that if you take this herb for a few days, you can greatly improve your performance in bed. [1]

Folic Acid

As per a Turkish study [2], it was found that men with severe ED had extremely low levels of folic acid in their body. Therefore, if you want to treat ED, take folic acid supplements.

Gingko Biloba

Gingko has been long used in the Chinese medicines for improving the flow of blood and oxygen to the penis and study published in Neuroscience [3] has even proved that Gingko leaves improve blood supply to the penis.

How to choose a male enhancement pill?

The first point that you should remember about male enhancement products is the fact that they are made from natural ingredients and therefore rarely show side effects. When you decide to buy sex pills for the first time, you must keep the following points in mind:

•Reputable manufacturer
•Informative official website should have an FAQ section
•Must provide list of ingredients along with quantities
•Money back guarantee should be provided
•Stay away from outrageous claims especially when there is no clinical data to back it up
•Ensure that the customer feedbacks are real
•Consult your doctor if you are also taking other medicines as well

Benefits of Taking Male Enhancement Pills

The reason behind the reluctance of men to start using sex pills is that they are unaware of the several benefits offered by these pills. Therefore, let’s take a look at the various benefits of these pills:

•Bigger, harder, and stronger erections than ever
• Increased frequency of erections due to the increased blood supply to the genital area
•More durable sexual stamina and erections
•Thicker and fuller penis due to increased blood flow
•Boost in libido and sex drive
•Multiple orgasms
•Healthier penis
•You will be ready for next sex round as soon as you finish the first one

Some sex pills support the sexual and reproductive life of the user by balancing the levels of male sex hormone testosterone in the body.

Safety of Male Enhancement Pills

There are very few side effects associated with prescription male enhancement pills. But, like any other medication, a few side effects are there that vary from person to person. These side effects are only temporary and very mild in nature.

It is important that you consult a doctor before starting male enhancement pills as only he can assess whether that pill will be beneficial for you or not, or whether there is any medical reason behind the problem.

It is dangerous to buy unlicensed drugs online as you are not sure about their ingredients or whether they have been tested properly or how your body is going to react to these ingredients.

Do Male Enhancement Pills Really Work?

Pills that are prescribed for treating low sexual desire or erectile dysfunction are extremely effective. However, there is no medical evidence that it can increase penis size in adults. These websites can be fake, illegal or scam people for money.

A few things that might actually help

Although there is no effective and safe way by which you can enlarge your penis. However, there are a few things you can do if you are concerned about your penis size:

Communicate with your partner
It is important to communicate your feelings and insecurities with your sexual partner. Break the chains and you will be amazed to see how much support you will get from your partner.
Get in shape and lose the belly fat
If you are dealing with belly fat and excess weight, it is important you get in shape. That will help you in boosting your confidence and add spark to your love life.
Regular exercise not only makes you look better but also increases your strength and endurance.
•Talk to your doctor or a counsellor
It is okay to feel uncomfortable about your penis size. You can talk to a professional and discuss your insecurities with him.

The bottom line

There is a misconception among men that if they increase their penis size, it will make them better lovers and add a zing factor to their attractiveness. However, this is not true in most of the cases. Just by getting into shape and communicating your feelings to your partner, you can solve most of your issues and enjoy a stress-free sex life.

Top 11 Ingredients In Male Enhancement Supplements

July 24, 2020

In last few years, male sexual enhancement has turned into a massive industry. This shows that men have willingly started to talk about the problems related to their sex lives. In old days, men felt ashamed while discussing the problems like erectile. When they are unable to perform in bedroom, they often feel anxious or depressed. Also, it adds stress to the man’s life. There are many effective male enhancement ingredients that make them worthwhile.

These male enhancement ingredients make the supplements effective. In case, the product consists of harmful synthetic ingredients, it can be dangerous for the person. There are chances that some problems are added to the already existing health problems. Hence, it is advised to select the best male enhancement supplements. Otherwise, a person will not only waste money but the time too. In addition to this, the man will feel discouraged which can devastate his sex life.

Ingredients Used in Male Enhancement Supplements

In this article, we will discuss the ingredients that are used in male enhancement supplements. It is advised to assess the product carefully before buying. This is the only best method to avoid the problems. Here is a list of top 11 essential male enhancement ingredients in male enhancement supplements.

Horny Goat Weed

Horny Goat Weed

In order to improve the sexual health, horny goat weed has been continuously used over the centuries by men. This contains chemicals that are helpful in increasing the flow of blood. In addition to this, it also improves sexual function. It provides high results for improving the sexual health. The amount of icariin present in these plants have the efficiency to improve the vasodilation process of blood vessels in men. Thus, it causes more blood to flow toward the penis during an erection. Generally, men prefer horny goat weed for solving sexual problems. These problems may include involuntary ejaculation or erectile dysfunction. The ingredient is widely used for arousing sexual desire.[1]


This male enhancement ingredient is a kind of amino acid which converts to nitric oxide in the body. Due to this, the blood vessels become relaxed later and permit the blood to flow through. As a result, during erection, the penis is supplied with more blood. This makes the erection firmer. Generally, it is orally consumed on daily basis. Not more than 5 grams of L-arginine should be taken in a day. This improves the sexual function in men who face erectile dysfunction. In case a person takes lower doses, effective results might not be seen. This ingredient is also found in certain types of foods.

Indian Ginseng

Indian Ginseng

The Indian Ginseng is also known as Ashwagandha. This has the strong aphrodisiac properties. It means that ginseng has the ability to offer a significant increase in their sex drive. According to the researchers, it is found that the ingredient acts as a natural herbal alternative. It is widely used for loss of erectile dysfunction and libido. It is observed that to maintain a healthy erection, a person needs plenty of hormones including testosterone and gonadotropins. If this ingredient is consumed as prescribed, it can boost all the sex hormones.[2]

Korean Ginseng

Korean Ginseng

This is one of the known alternative or natural medication used in male enhancement methods. It is widely used in Asian medicines as it helps in increasing sperm count and motility. This ingredient is also commonly known as Panax Ginseng. It has the ability to improve the sexual performance of men. Also, it solves the problems related to erectile function, energy, stamina, and fertility. It helps in improving the sexual functioning of men without changing the hormone and lipid blood levels.


L-Citrulline is a forerunner of L-Arginine. It means that the body converts amino acid in the form of the amino acid L-Arginine. This helps in allowing the blood to flow smoothly, therefore it provides a strong erection to men. Thus, L-Citrulline is counted among the most powerful supplement. Its bioavailability is no doubt better than L-Arginine. It is advised that not more than 3 grams of this ingredient must be consumed in a day. The dosage is quite effective for the people who consume it for non-exercise benefits. In case a person is using it for improving workout performance, the dosage can be comsumed between 3 to 5 grams in a day. It is advised to always consult the medical professional before starting it. In fact, this practice must be the same for consuming all the supplements.[3]

Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo Biloba

This a tree in China which is basically used in food. It is also used as a source in preparing traditional medicines. It is both an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. The leaves of the tree are often used as a method to improve the mental functioning of the people. This enhances the focus which contributes to better sex. It has a natural ability to improve the mood of the people. It can also sharpen the focus and act as a vital source of energy. Ginkgo is an excellent natural ingredient highly used by the men who suffer from the problem of erectile dysfunction. It also has the power to improve the flow of blood. This means that the penis may turn harder during the erection.

Mucuna Pruriens

Mucuna Pruriens

It is also known as the ‘velvet bean’. This ingredient contains aphrodisiac properties which have the ability to boost sexual desire. Its result is achieved with the help of L-Dopa amino acid, which is found in Mucuna Pruriends. This is converted into dopamine within the human body. The ingredient is very powerful in dealing with health-related problems, including infertility in men. It naturally enhances fertility in men. Additionally, it is also useful in enhancing the libido of men. Mucuna Pruriens is regarded as a magical ingredient which helps in increasing libido. It is known for providing effective sexual benefits as it helps men to last longer during sexual intercourse.

Tribulus Terrestris

Tribulus Terrestris

Tribulus Terrestris is a fruit-producing plant which is covered up with spines. It is also known as puncture vine. This flowering plant is known for providing various health benefits. According to some reports, it is claimed that the ingredient helps in increasing testosterone. It is an extremely strong plant that possesses high medicinal value. Due to its strong effect, there is an improvement in libido, muscle building, pain reduction, protection of the cardiovascular system. The plant boosts the libido and improves physical performance. This helps in improving the performance of men in the bedroom.

Maca Root Powder

Maca Root Powder

Maca Root powder is considered as a famous natural substance which is used by men to help them in the bedroom. In addition to this, it also acts as an aid and helps in other areas of life. The most promising and significant benefit of maca root powder is its strong effect on the male libido. Besides this, Maca also enhances various factors such as energy, fertility and stamina. As a result of the powder, it assists with regulating hormone production. According to a study, it was noticed that it improved the quality of semen in both healthy men as well as infertile.[4]

Vitamin C

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is one of the most important vitamins present in the human body. It is essential for every human as it plays a vital role in survival. It is a fact that vitamin C makes the immune system stronger. Moreover, it is also helpful in making the sex life healthier. According to a report, vitamin C leaves a positive impact on blood vessels. This increases the blood flow to the penis. This also provides a relief from the symptoms of erectile dysfunction.


Zinc is one of the important nutrients that play an effective role in the human body. It is classified under the category of trace mineral. This nutrient plays a vital role in the production of testosterone. It is noticed that men facing male sexual issues can get benefit from supplements that include zinc as an ingredient. Especially, if the level of zinc is on the lower side. The supplementation of the ingredient can directly boost the testosterone levels. Besides producing the testosterone in the body, it also fulfils the other requirements. The supplements with zinc as an ingredient are highly preferred among males for tackling health issues. The ingredient is best known for treating erectile dysfunction.


For improving male enhancement problems, there are many supplements available in the market. In these supplements, there are some vital ingredients. These ingredients are widely used for different purposes. Most of the readers might be surprised after reading that such ingredients are also helpful in treating the issues related to male sexual enhancement. Males are advised to know the use and importance of an ingredient prior to using them.

In this article, we have discussed the leading ingredients that are required in male sexual enhancement supplements. In this article, eleven effective ingredients are mentioned in detail. Hope it provides you with a clear information and assured results. All these ingredients are widely used for their effective results. In case, we missed out some information, we will cover it up in the next article.

Antioxidants Sources, Benefits, Dietary Supplements, Anti-Aging & FAQs

July 24, 2020

What are Antioxidants?

Antioxidants are chemical compounds or molecules that indirectly protect cells. As the name suggests, it is clear that these work against oxidation. Basically, antioxidants prevent oxidation that produces harmful free radicals that get accumulated in cells and affect the cells as well as their activities. Free radical production in our body is unavoidable as these are the byproducts of various metabolic activities. These free radicals have unpaired free electrons that make them highly reactive.

Image Source:

Our body produces an enzyme, called superoxidase dismutase (SOD), which renders electrons to the free radicals and make them harmless. Our body produces this enzyme in small quantities, so when there are large quantities of free radicals in the cells, our body uses antioxidants in addition to SOD to neutralize these free radicals and protect cells. Only CoenzymeQ10 and Glutathione are the antioxidants that are produced in the human body, while the rest others are obtained from the diet.

Thus, it can be said that antioxidants provide a complex protection system to the body. Some of the major antioxidants are Vitamin E, Vitamin C, carotenoids, lipoic acid, zinc, selenium, and even proteins like albumin, ferritin and so on. Antioxidants can either be naturally occurring or can be synthesized artificially.

Image Source:

What are the Sources of Antioxidants?

Natural Sources:

  • Antioxidants are present in abundance in fresh fruits, vegetables and beverages. For all ages, it is important to have fruits and vegetables in the regular diet as it decreases the risk of several diseases by providing us with abundant nutrients as well as loads of antioxidants. Green and yellow vegetables containing vitamin C, beta-carotene, and vitamin E are rich in antioxidants. Vitamin C is a water-soluble antioxidant that neutralizes the reactive oxygen supplement (ROS) and stabilizes molecules before they react further. On the other hand, vitamin E is lipid soluble and prevents lipid peroxidation.
  • Blueberries, blackberries, elderberries, cranberries, pecans, dark chocolates, coffee, black tea, oats, ripe banana, red wine, watermelon, beans, brown rice, fish, egg, broccoli, lemon, nuts are rich sources of antioxidants. Some herbs and spices, like cloves, cinnamon, oregano, turmeric, cocoa, parsley, basil, ginger, thyme are good sources of antioxidants.
  • Enzymes are the source of antioxidants in the human body; glutathione peroxidase, catalyze and superoxide dismutase. But they are only effective with the presence of some essential micronutrients such as iron, led, zinc, selenium, manganese. Insufficient dietary intake of these micronutrients may cause low antioxidant activity.

Image Source:

Synthetic Sources:

  • Some synthetic antioxidants are available in the industry for the preservation of oil. Since oil.  are the source of fat these get oxidized easily and turn rancid and to prevent this, artificial antioxidants like Butylated Hydroxy Anisole, Butylated Hydroxy Toluene, Tertiary Butylhydroquinone, Propyl Gallate etc. are added to them.


Image Source:

Why do we need antioxidants?

Antioxidants cannot restore cell damage, but they can prevent cells from the damage of free radicles. They work as cell protectors and thus act as good skin care elements when present in cosmetic products.

  • In skin care products, they work in three steps; their stability and concentration in the product and then how they get absorbed into the skin. According to dermatologists, Astaxanthin along with vitamin E and beta-carotene are the most powerful combination to protect skin from free radicals and UV rays.
  • Antioxidant-rich diet could be helpful to reduce the risk of Alzheimer Disease (AD). The most famous controversy about antioxidant is, it prevents AD. It is a proven fact that AD is associated with widespread damage to brain cells caused by oxidative damage, absolutely related to aging.
  • Antioxidants also protect bones, eyes and kidneys and all the organs related to the metabolic system such as liver, pancreas.
  • Consumption of antioxidants also reduces the risk of pulmonary dysfunction, arthritis, colitis, Parkinson’s disease etc.

Image Source:

Antioxidants Fight Against Free-radicals:

Despite being an essential element for humans or for that matter all living things, oxygen plays a negative role for its highly reactive nature. They can be part of a harmful molecule and able to set free the damaging particles called “free-radicals”. These free-radicals are unstable because they contain unpaired (a pair of free electron) electron. To become stable, they attack any stable molecule and capture their electron by making them unstable and this process further continues like a chain reaction. This process makes thousands and millions of electrons free within a few seconds to few minutes, begins with the very first reaction.

These free radicals attack healthy cells and cause diseases such as skin cancer, heart diseases, poor brain function, immunity diseases etc. Antioxidants restrict this process and built a complex protection system in human body.

Image Source:

Antioxidants in Dietary Supplements:

  • Dietary supplement for antioxidants is a field under research since 2005. it includes mainly plant-based herbal dietary supplements including seed extracts of grapes and berries. Though the domain is expanding with respect to research and marketing as well, still a lot of research has to be undertaken in terms of physiology and pharmacology regarding their long-term effects.
  • Experts advise having fruits and vegetables instead of dietary supplements, for antioxidants as only one or two antioxidants could not protect the body immunity system. Since the intake limit of antioxidants is still under study, an overdose of supplements might be harmful. Because the available supplements are either with a limited source or products of limited research that how it works.
  • Some dietary supplements are restricted to pregnant or breastfeeding women as they might be harmful to their conventional medicines. Experts suggest consulting doctor before consuming any one or combination of dietary supplements during pregnancy.
  • All the dietary supplement brands are available in the market, with same or different composition, don’t secure the same quality. There are possibilities of side-effects such as allergic reaction, irritations from dietary supplements, as all the brands don’t follow the ideal standards of manufacturing.

Image Source:

Pros and Cons of Antioxidants:

Different benefits from different sources of antioxidants:


Carotenoids are plant pigments that convert into vitamin A (retinol, retinyl and retinoic acid) in a human body and protect skin and eye; restricts uneven skin tone, rough skin, fine lines, wrinkles etc. Beta-carotene lowers the risks of heart diseases. One must include it in a regular dietary chart in a controlled way for better health.


Microscopic blue-green algae that include a variety of antioxidants and micronutrients which is beneficial for brain cell protection and immunity system. It contains protein, calcium (26 times more than milk), iron, zinc, selenium, chromium, magnesium, copper, potassium, sodium, manganese and Vitamin B(1, 2, 3, 6, 9). only 20 calories of spirulina are equivalent to 4 grams of protein. It protects every body part with its different active nutrients.


Red-colored nutrition pigment prevents cancer and heart disease. It slows the growth rate of breast and prostate cancer. It does restrict the kidney tumors and uterine cancer. Lycopene protects oral and vaginal health from yeast infection It is also effective to secure eye health. Tomatoes are the best source of lycopene.


Another plant pigment that works as an anti-inflammatory agent. It is beneficial for the cardiovascular and nervous system. They reduce the risk of heart attack by lowering bad cholesterol in blood. Researches have proved that regular intake of flavonoids reduces the risk of cancer(s) in human.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E or tocopherol is the fat-soluble vitamin that effectively works for skin betterment. It protects skin from the UV light exposure. It balances blood cholesterol level and hormones, protects the body immunity system, repairs damaged skin cells and brighten dull skin, thickens hair, improves vision and muscles, prevents cancer and Alzheimer’s disease and supports the growth development system.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C or ascorbic acid is the most important anti-aging element. It improves uneven skin and brightens dull skin. For best result, the concentration should be kept within 5-20%. it is a multitasking antioxidant that prevents scurvy, common cold, heart diseases, lowers hypertension, cures lead toxicity, inhibits cataracts, boosts immunity system, improved mood swings, repair wounds, fight against strokes, controls asthma, diabetes.

Vitamin A

It is a fat-soluble vitamin with excellent antioxidant properties. It protects eye health, supports the immunity system, skin cell growth, fights against inflammation, prevents cancer and heart diseases. A pregnant woman needs the vitamin A in abundance on a regular basis. It also inhibits respiratory infections.

Proteins and peptides

Proteins restrict the lipid oxidation by producing peptides that deactivate the highly active oxygen species.


It is a carotenoid that protects eye health. It restricts clouds in the lens caused by free-radicals. Lutein neutralizes free-radicals and cleanses cataracts. It supports protection against eye disorders, skin health, lowers the risks of diabetes, heart diseases even cancer(s). it also works as an anti-inflammatory molecule.


It reduces risk of nuclear cataract in human eyes. It also strongly protects human eyes from UV-activity. It is also an effective skin moisturizer. It supports immunity functions, brain activity and protects brain health. It also fights against fatigue.


It is the most important detoxifier of the human body. Glutathione adsorbs all the toxic materials generated in the body and carries them into the biles and discharge from the body as stool. It is also an element that protects body immunity system.


It is an important anti-aging dietary antioxidant that is beneficial to prevent pulmonary, cardiovascular, osteoporosis diseases.

Frankincense Essential oil

This essential oil is a master antioxidant that protects the human body from a dozen of severe diseases. It works for body immunity system, menstruation problem of women, oral health as an antiseptic, cold and flu as an antibiotic, digestive and skin solutions, osteoporosis, arthritis as a pain killer. It is also a preventive against cancer.


is the kitchen for plants and also an antioxidant. Type a and b inhibits oxidation and restricts DNA damage. It also protects lipid and protein and peptides from oxidation.

Lavender Essential oil

Besides aroma therapy, lavender essential oil is too an antioxidant. It reduce anxiety, emotional stress, skin roughness, headache. It improves diabetes, sleep, brain function and pain.


It is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory intracellular molecule that restricts carcinogenic progression and tumour initiation. It also protects DNA from modification by free radicals.

Combination of micronutrients

Micronutrients such as selenium, zinc, copper, iron, chromium, magnesium, manganese, aluminium are essention in human body to support the immunity system affordd by antioxidants. They don’t work as antioxidants but nourishes the antioxidant activities those are extremely benificial for health.


Image Source:

Safety measures of antioxidants:

Though they are extremely important for the protection of our cells antioxidants when taken in high concentrations can do more harm than good in our body. Antioxidants work best when we get our daily requirement from our diet by consuming fresh colorful fruits and vegetables. But if people are taking these in form of supplements then one has to be very careful about the toxicity of these supplements.

  • High dose intake of beta-carotene increases the risk of lung cancer among smokers.
  • Excessive dose of it may result in prostate cancer and stroke.
  • Vitamin E supplement could increase the risk of bleeding among people who take medicines for anticoagulating (thinning of blood) treatment
  • Pregnant and breastfeeding women are recommended not to take antioxidant dietary supplements.
  • Always ask a doctor before consuming antioxidant dietary supplements along with conventional medicine.

Image Source:

Uses in Aging Treatments:

As an effective cell protector, antioxidants are very useful for antiaging treatment. They boost the formation of collagen that rapids growth of new cells. Important antioxidants are:

  •  Vitamin E
  •  Lycopene
  •  Green tea
  •  Coffeeberry
  •  Resveratrol
  •  Grape Seed
  •  Genistein
  •  Niacinamide
  •  Vitamin C

Image Source:

FAQs: What people normally want to know about antioxidants?

1. What are food supplements?

Food supplement products include tablets, capsules, syrups, powders etc. which have health-building properties. These foods are composed of micronutrients such as vitamins, minerals extracted from herbs and plants.

2. Why do people consume dietary supplements?

Sometimes higher level of certain nutrients could be essential for keeping our system healthy or they can be part of conventional treatment for curing a medical problem Also, these supplements, certain doses, can be useful to prevent some diseases and illness.

3. What kind of quality control can be applied to food supplements?

First of all, a supplement should be advised by the practitioner. Secondly, long-term and high level of food supplement could be harmful. Thirdly, it must be approved by food or pharmaceutical Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) of different countries. Fourthly, all the supplements must have children resistant packaging.

4. Are Antioxidants Safe with Conventional Drugs?

If someone is under medication, then it must be checked with a doctor before consuming antioxidants. Intake of vitamin E with an anticoagulant drug could be harmful. Consumption of supplement during pregnancy is strictly permissible by the doctor.

5. Is there any limit to the intake of antioxidants?

Limited intake of anti-aging supplements results in healthy old age. Antioxidants are clinically proved antiaging elements, though there is no scientific evidence whether these have a positive effect on mortality rate.

6. Do antioxidants influence gene?

Some laboratory research points to the fact that combination of antioxidants is able to slow down the gene activation process related to the aging of cells. Research has also shown that antioxidants reduce the oxidation damage to DNA structures thereby stabilizing them.

7. What are Free-radicals?

Free-radicals are byproducts of cellular metabolism and have unstable electrons of oxygen atoms. Due to their highly reactive nature, the electrons attack some stable molecules and neutralize themselves by making them unstable. This process is called oxidation. This process continues in a chain reaction manner and causes oxidative stress in cells which in turn causes pathology in cells.

8. Are antioxidants treatment for Alzheimer’s disease?

The role of antioxidants in the treatment of Alzheimer’s is still a debatable question. It is a proven fact that AD is related to brain cell damage due to aging. It is thought that antioxidants have antiaging properties, so scientists are looking at antioxidants as potential drugs to stop brain aging and thereby help AD patients.


Bacterial Arthritis – Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

July 24, 2020

Table of Contents

Overview and Statistical Facts

Bacterial arthritis is a painful infection occurring in a joint. The infection can be caught from the different bacteria that travel across your bloodstream from different parts of the body. It can also occur when you suffer a penetrating injury, which delivers the bacteria directly to your joint.

Older adults and infants are at a higher risk of developing bacterial arthritis. The most commonly affected joint are the knees, it is also seen to affect shoulders, hips and other joints. The infection is known to spread quickly and can be harmful for the cartilage and bone in the joint. Therefore, if bacterial arthritis is suspected, prompt treatment is extremely necessary.

Bacterial arthritis can occur at any age. In children, those who are below the age of 3 years are more susceptible to developing bacterial arthritis. In these children, knees, hips and ankles are most commonly affected.

From ages 3 till adolescence, bacterial arthritis is not commonly seen. The incidence of this disease increases again in adults as they become sexually active and are at a greater risk of getting exposed to a variety of sexually transmitted bacterial infections. [1]

Bacterial arthritis is also seen in immunocompromised people and those who have chronic inflammatory arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis.

Overview and Statistical Facts

Back To Top

Symptoms of Bacterial Arthritis

Bacterial arthritis is a typically uncomfortable condition in which it becomes extremely difficult to use the affected joint properly. Some of the symptoms of bacterial arthritis are as follows:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Trouble moving the infected joint
  • Cysts (fluid-filled pockets) in the joint
  • Painful, red, swollen, stiff, or warm joint
  • Fatigue or unusual tiredness
  • Irritability, or crying when the joint is moved (children younger than 3 years)

Cold chills

Trouble moving the infected joint

Painful red swollen stiff or warm joint
Back To Top

Risk Factors of Bacterial Arthritis

Some of the factors that increase your chances of chances of developing bacterial arthritis are as follows:

  • Existing joint problems

Chronic conditions and diseases affecting your joints — like gout, osteoarthritis, lupus or rheumatoid arthritis — can escalate your chances of developing bacterial arthritis. Having a previous joint surgery, an artificial joint and joint injury can also increase your chances of getting the disease.

Existing joint problems

  • Taking medications for rheumatoid arthritis

People who have rheumatoid arthritis are at a higher risk of developing this condition because the medicines that are given suppress the immune system, thereby making it easier for the person to catch an infection. It is difficult to diagnose bacterial arthritis in people with rheumatic arthritis as the symptoms are similar in both cases

Taking medications for rheumatoid arthritis

  • Skin fragility

Skin that is susceptible to breaking and heals poorly can expose our body to bacteria. Skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis can further escalate your risk of developing bacterial arthritis, just like infected skin wounds. People who regularly abuse injectable drugs too are at a higher risk of developing the infection at the site of injection.

  • Weak immune system

People who have a weak immune system are at a higher risk of bacterial arthritis. This includes people with kidney and liver disease, diabetes and those who take drugs to suppress their immune systems.

Weak immune system

  • Joint trauma

Animal bites, cuts over a joint or puncture wounds can put you at risk of bacterial arthritis.

  • Medicines that have an effect on your immune system, including steroid medicines are prescribed under following conditions:
  • An immune deficiency disorder, such as AIDS
  • IV drug use, or alcoholism
  • An artificial joint in your knee or hip
  • Joint disease, injury, or surgery
  • Liver failure, or dialysis for kidney failure
  • A medical condition such as diabetes, sickle cell disease, or cancer
  • An open wound that may allow bacteria to enter the bloodstream
  • A bacterial infection, such as strep throat

Joint trauma
Back To Top

Do I Have Bacterial Arthritis?

If you are experiencing pain or swelling in your joints you need to see a doctor about it and find out what is troubling you. Swelling and pain in joints can be due to variety of reasons. And If you experience joint pains, fever, chills, difficulty in moving your joints or any other similar symptoms, make sure you visit a doctor as soon as possible and get yourself checked to rule out bacterial arthritis.

Do I Have Bacterial Arthritis

Back To Top

Causes and Prevention of Bacterial Arthritis

Bacterial arthritis is most commonly caused due to infection from Staphylococcus aureus (staph), which is commonly found living on healthy human skin. Bacterial arthritis develops when there is a urinary tract infection or skin infection such that the infection spreads to the joints through the bloodstream. Rarely, a drug injection, a puncture wound, or surgery in or around joint can give an entry to the bacteria and cause infection. Joints have a lining called synovium that has a little ability to protect itself from infection. When there is an infection, the body responds to it by causing inflammation. This puts an extra pressure on the joint and decrease the blood flow to the joint area. This can result in joint damage.

The bacteria can enter the body in a variety of ways. Some of the most common routes of entry are as follows:

  • infection that spreads from another source inside the body, like ear infections
  • infected wounds
  • open fractures, or bones that penetrate through the skin
  • foreign object penetrating the skin
  • trauma

Causes and Prevention of Bacterial Arthritis

Causes and Prevention of Bacterial Arthritis


  1. Prosthetic Joints

If you have had a prosthetic joint replacement, you are at a higher risk of developing bacterial arthritis. Some of the ways by which you can protect yourself are as follows:

  • Make sure you inform your dentist and doctor about your joint before starting any kind of procedure.
  • Educate yourself about the signs and symptoms of bacterial arthritis and seek immediate medical attention if you experience swelling, pain, warmth or redness in your joints.
  1. Preventing Infectious Arthritis: Immune System Disorders

If you have a chronic condition like HIV, AIDS or diabetes or you have been taking steroids regularly, then your immune system will become compromised and increase your chances of developing the disease. Take these steps to keep yourself protected from bacterial arthritis:

  • Ask your doctor whether you should take antibiotics in order to prevent infections before undergoing any invasive procedures.
  • Regularly check your skin and joints for signs of infection. Diabetic people should pay extra attention to their feet and look out for cuts and sores that might lead to infection.
  • If you observe that a sore is taking a lot of time to heal, make sure you talk to your doctor about the same.
  1. Other Risk Factors

  • Travel

Animals, insects, ticks and spiders can cause bacterial arthritis when they bite. Therefore, while you are traveling, make sure you are not exposed to these pests. Before going on a trip explore which wildlife you might encounter in that area.

  • Injection drug use

Injecting drugs intravenously can increase your chances of getting exposed to bacteria which can lead to bacterial arthritis. Regular injection drug users can even develop life threatening joint infections on being repeatedly getting exposed to foreign bacteria.

  • Other infections

Sometimes, bacterial arthritis can develop when a person gets infected with some other bacteria. And develops conditions like bacterial meningitis and bacteremia. If you have recently developed an infection and then you are experiencing swelling or joint pain, talk to your doctor as soon as possible.

  • Practice safe sex

In some cases, bacterial arthritis can develop after getting exposed to a sexually transmitted infection like chlamydia or gonorrhea. Therefore, practice safe sex and use barrier contraceptive method like latex condoms. for preventing infections.

  • Seek treatment for alcoholism and drug abuse

Alcoholism or drug abuse can make a person more likely to indulge in risky behaviors such as unsafe sex that makes them more susceptible to bacterial arthritis.

Diagnosis and Tests

The following tests help in diagnosing bacterial arthritis:

  • Joint fluid analysis

Infections can alter the consistency, color, volume and makeup of the fluid that are found in your joints. A sample of this fluid can be withdrawn from your affected joint using a needle. This test will help in determining which bacteria are causing the infection, which will help your doctor to determine which medicines to determine.

  • Blood tests

Blood tests are done to determine the signs of infection in the body. 

  • Imaging tests

Imaging tests like X rays are done in order to determine how much damage the disease has done to the joint.

Diagnosis and Tests
Back To Top

Treatment and Care

Doctors trust the antibiotic drugs and joint drainage for treating bacterial arthritis.

1. Joint drainage

It is important to remove the infected joint fluid for treating the disease effectively. Some of the drainage methods include:

  • Needle

The infected joint fluid is withdrawn with the help of a needle that is inserted into joint.

  • Scope procedure

In arthroscopy, a small incision is made in the joint through which a flexible tube with a video camera at its tip is introduced into the joint. After this, a little suction and drainage tubes are inserted through which the infected fluid is drained.

  • Open surgery

An open surgery is suggested when it is difficult to withdraw joint fluid like from hips.

Joint drainage

2. Antibiotics

In order to pick up the most effective antibiotics, your doctor will test the synovial fluid and prescribe antibiotics accordingly. Antibiotics are usually administered intravenously and later might be switched to oral tablets.

In most of the cases, the treatment lasts for 2 to 6 weeks. There are some side effects associated with antibiotics like vomiting, nausea, diarrhea and allergic reactions in some cases.

Care for Bacterial Arthritis

Care for Bacterial Arthritis

1. Rest your painful joint as directed

Your doctor will advise you to rest your painful joint. It is important you follow his instructions completely so as to avoid more damage.

2. Elevate the joint to reduce swelling and pain

Try to keep your joint above your heart as long as possible for as many times as feasible.

3. Apply ice to the joint to reduce swelling and pain

Ice is very helpful in preventing tissue damage. Put crushed ice or a cold compress over your affected joint for 15 to 20 minutes every hour or as directed by your doctor.

4. Exercise as directed

Ask your doctor about the exercise routine that you can follow in order to manage your inflammation, keep your joints flexible and reduce pain.

Back To Top

Any OTC or Self-Management Methods Available

If you suspect you have some joint problem and the pain is becoming unbearable for you, you can take some NSAIDs that are available over the counter, like aspirin and ibuprofen as they help in bringing down the inflammation and manage the pain. However, you must also know that these medicines too have side effects and should not be taken without caution. If you are on blood-thinning medicines, make sure you consult your physician before taking these medicines.

Any OTC or Self-Management Methods Available

Self-Management Methods Available

Here are some of the ways by which you can manage your disease effectively at home:

1. Be organized

Keep a track of your pain levels, symptoms, medicines and their possible side effects. Work with your doctor to determine what works best for you.

2. Manage pain and fatigue

It is common that the pain and fatigue become overwhelming for you. Therefore, you can make use of some non-medicinal pain management methods to keep your pain in check. The stress of living on a daily basis with pain can make you feel fatigued. For this, you can make use of natural therapies to ease out the pain as well as the stress.

3. Stay active

Even though exercise might seem as the last thing you want to do when you are in pain, it is actually helpful in managing your arthritis and is good for your overall health. It helps in strengthening your muscle that provides support to your painful joints. It takes away stress, prevents insomnia, improves mood and overall makes you feel good.

4. Balance activity with rest

It is important to rest when your joints are painful and the disease is in the active phase. Therefore, it would really help if you could lighten your schedule and ask for help whenever you require. Try to conserve your energy

5. Eat a healthy balanced diet

When a healthy diet is combined with exercise, it can help in achieving and maintaining healthy weight. Also, try to include foods that have anti-inflammatory properties that will help in controlling inflammation.

6. Improve Sleep

You can worsen your arthritis pain and fatigue by having poor sleep habits. Include proper sleep hygiene practice and go to sleep at fixed times.

Back To Top

Natural Ways to Cure

Following are some of the natural ways through which bacterial arthritis can be managed effectively:

Natural Ways to Cure

1. Lose weight

Excessive weight can put pressure on your joints and elevate your pain, especially on your hips, knees and feet.  Therefore, it is important that you keep your weight in check.  By reducing weight, you will improve your mobility, reduce pain and prevent further damage to your joints.

2. Get more exercise

Exercise has more benefits to the patient than keeping your weight in control. If you do weight bearing exercise like running or walking, it can damage the joints. Just regular movements help in maintaining flexibility. You can also try low impact exercises like swimming and water aerobics.

 3. Use hot and cold therapy

A world of difference can be made by using simple hot and cold treatments. You can go for long, warm baths or showers, especially in the morning. It will help in easing the stiffness in your joints. You can also use a moist heating pad or electric blanket at night for keeping joints warm. Joint pains, inflammation and swelling can be best relieved by using cold treatments. For this you can make use of gel ice pack or a bag of frozen vegetables and wrap it around painful joints for instant relief.

 4. Try acupuncture

A Chinese form of medical treatment that can do wonders for your joint pain is acupuncture. It involves inserting thin needles at specific points of the body. This helps in rerouting energies and restoring balance in the body. Even the World Health Organization has extensively researched acupuncture and recommends it as a complementary therapy for over 100 different conditions.

It is believed that acupuncture can play an important role in decreasing arthritis pain.

5. Include the right fatty acids in your diet

Including omega 3 fatty acids in your diet will help you in keeping your arthritis in check. Fish oil supplements help in reducing joint pain and stiffness. Gamma linolenic acid or GLA is also found to be helpful in bringing down the symptoms of arthritis. It is found in seeds of certain plants such as borage, evening primrose, black currants or hemp. However, consult your doctor before starting this treatment.

6. Add turmeric to dishes

The yellow spice, turmeric, commonly found in Indian dishes, is known to contain a chemical known as curcumin which might help in reducing arthritis pain as it has anti-inflammatory properties.

As per NIH, when turmeric was given to lab rats, it was observed that their inflammation got reduced.

7. Get a massage

As per the Arthritis Foundation, if you regularly massage your arthritic joints, you can reduce stiffness and pain and improve your range of motion. You can work with a physical therapist for learning self-massage, or you can schedule regular appointments with a massage therapist.

8. Consider herbal supplements

There are several herbal supplements available in the market that help in managing joint pain. Some of the herbs that can be used are as follows:

  • Boswellia
  • Ginkgo
  • Bromelain
  • Devil’s claw
  • Stinging nettle
  • Thunder god vine

Since herbal supplements are not regulated by the U.S. FDA, therefore, consult a doctor before starting these therapies. Also, make sure that you buy these from a reputable source.

Back To Top

Health Tip by Expert

Painful joints due to bacterial arthritis can be managed by different treatment methods. But, it should not put a brake on your zeal of living life.

Back To Top

Erectile Dysfunction – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

July 24, 2020

Overview and Facts

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a condition in which the patient is unable to develop or maintain an erection of his penis during sexual intercourse on a regular basis without any problem related to ejaculation. A period of persistence of more than 3 months is considered as enough time period for considering the condition as erectile dysfunction. Most men experience some problem with their penis remaining firm during sexual intercourse. Erectile dysfunction is only considered a problem when satisfactory sexual performance has been impaired on a number of occasions.

Apart from physiological implications, this problem also causes psychological problems in men. It can cause serious complications in relationships and self-image. It might also require professional help to deal with emotional and mental stress.

According to a study, at the age of 40 years, approximately 40% of men are affected. The percentage increases to approximately 70% in men aged 70 years and above. Age is found to be a strong reason for causing ED. However, its incidence is increasing each year and one in every four new patients of ED is under 40.

Approximately, 18 million men in the U.S. are affected by ED and the figures are growing each day. Nearly 50% of men, who smoke a pack of cigarettes or more on a daily basis have a higher chance of developing ED. Only about 33% of men with ED seek medical advice due to the social stigma attached to the disease, and the kind of psychological pressure it exerts on the patient.

overview and facts

Types and Symptoms of Erectile Dysfunction

ED can be classified into the following 7 categories:

  • Psychogenic
  • Neurogenic
  • Hormonal/endocrinological
  • Vasculogenic
  • Medication-related
  • Diabetic
  • Others

1) Psychogenic: Psychogenic ED can occur due to excessive psychological pressure on the person, causing the functional inability of the gland to activate the process of erection. It is commonly known as performance anxiety and can be managed with psychological counseling.

2) Neurogenic: In this, the nerves lose their ability to produce erection even after stimulation. It is generally associated with neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s and multiple sclerosis, epilepsy etc. Approximately 60% of the patients suffering from Parkinson’s and 91% of patients having Multiple sclerosis have ED.

3) Hormonal/Endocrinological: This occurs when there is an imbalance in levels of hormones such as androgens, estrogens, progestins, prolactin, thyroid etc. Due to the imbalance, these hormones are unable to function properly and cause an erection. Androgens, which include testosterone, androstenedione have the maximum effect on erection and in maintaining normal health of the male reproductive system. Excess or lack of androgenic hormones, both are responsible for causing ED.

4) Vasculogenic: This occurs when there is restricted blood flow to the penis. It can also happen due to non-activation of blood trapping mechanism. They cause inability to initiate or maintain proper rigidity in the penis for proper sexual intercourse.

5) Medication-Related: long-term use of antihypertensive, antidepressant, antiandrogenic drugs, alcohol abuse, cigarette smoking and marijuana use can lead to vascular, hormonal or psychological type of ED. Antihypertensive drugs are known to cause a decrease in blood flow to the gland, further leading to ED.

6) Diabetes: ED occurs when there are neurologic, vascular or psychological effects occurring in addition to diabetes. It commonly occurs in diabetic patients as a common feature of diabetic autonomic neuropathy.

7) Other: Some of the other reasons responsible for causing ED are old age, chronic renal failure, and coronary heart disease.

Symptoms of ED are as follows:

  • Inability to have an erection, despite sexual desire and stimulation
  • Obtaining erections that are neither full nor rigid
  • Cannot maintain an erection

types and symptoms of erectile dysfunction

Risk Factors of Erectile Dysfunction

Following are the factors which increase the risk of developing ED in men:

  • Problems with prostate gland
  • Type II diabetes
  • Hypogonadism
  • Hypertension
  • Vascular disease and vascular surgery
  • High blood cholesterol levels
  • Low LDL levels in blood
  • Sleep disorders
  • Use of drugs
  • Neurogenic disorders
  • Problem with anatomy of penis
  • Inflammation of penis
  • Depression
  • Alcoholism
  • Lack of sexual knowledge
  • Poor sexual techniques
  • Poor personal relationships
  • Suffering from chronic diseases such as renal failures and dialysis
  • Smoking
  • Injury, particularly those that damage nerves and blood vessels controlling erections
  • Obesity

risk factors of erectile dysfunction

Do I Have Erectile Dysfunction?

If you observe that you are facing trouble having an erection while being with your sexual partner, but don’t experience any such issue when alone, then it might be a case of ED due to stress. If you find that you are consistently having too soft or too brief erections or lots of erections during night instead, it might indicate ED.

Periodontal diseases are also said to be high in patients of ED. If you have diabetes or hypertension, then is likely that you would develop ED at some point in time. If you observe any of the above-mentioned symptoms, you should consult your physician and take proper medications.

do i have erectile dysfunction

Causes and Prevention of Erectile Dysfunction

Causes of Erectile Dysfunction:

Sexual arousal in men is a complicated process which involves the brain, hormones, emotions, nerves, muscles and vascular system. ED can result from disbalance in any of the above-mentioned factors. Stress and mental health are also linked to causing ED. A combination of reasons can also be responsible for causing ED. Any injury in the groin region can damage the sexual response system which will eventually induce anxiety in the person regarding his sexual performance., furthering the cause of ED.
Following are the causes of ED:

  • Physical causes
  • Psychological causes
  • Medication
  • Injury
  • Chronic diseases
  • Surgery

1) Physical Causes

Following are the physical causes responsible for ED:

  • High cholesterol
  • Radiation therapy to the pelvic region
  • Smoking
  • Alcoholism
  • Substance abuse
  • Venous leak

2) Psychological Causes

Psychological causes become a factor in the development of ED if there is an anatomical deformity or physiological issue. Such factors can lead to:

  • Guilt
  • Fear of intimacy
  • Depression
  • Severe anxiety

Physical and psychological causes can overlap and cause a synergistic effect leading to ED. Obesity can cause changes in blood flow to the gland and also cause self-confidence issues. Both of these can have a synergistic effect in leading to ED.

3) Medication

There are a number of medications which can lead to ED. A patient should consult the medical practitioner before taking any medications. Following medications are known to cause ED:

  • Antihypertensive Drugs
  • Heart medications like digoxin
  • Some diuretics
  • Drugs acting on CNS
  • Anti-anxiety drugs
  • Antidepressants
  • Opioid painkillers
  • Chemotherapeutic agents used for treating cancer
  • Prostrate treatment drugs
  • Anticholinergic drugs
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Peptic ulcer medications like cimetidine

4) Injury

If a person hurts his pelvis, bladder, spinal cord or penis and there is a requirement of surgery, the person might develop ED.

5) Chronic Diseases

ED can develop as a result of having some chronic diseases such as:

  • Heart diseases
  • Diabetes
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Hormonal disorders including thyroid conditions and testosterone deficiency
  • Peyronie disease-causing anatomical deformity of the penis
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Obesity

6) Surgery

Surgery done to treat prostate and bladder cancer can damage the nerves and tissues needed for erections and can cause ED. The problem can resolve in a few months or it can be permanent.

Prevention of Erectile Dysfunction:

Prevention from ED can be achieved by:

  • Managing diabetes, heart diseases or other chronic disorders
  • Cessation of smoking
  • Avoiding heavy alcohol intake
  • Regular workouts
  • Reducing stress
  • Managing anxiety, depression and other medical conditions

prevention of erectile dysfunction

Diagnosis and Tests of Erectile Dysfunction

Diagnosis in the first step requires physical exam and collecting medical history. IF the patient has chronic health conditions, then further tests are undertaken, such as

  • Physical examination
  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
  • Ultrasound
  • Psychological examination

1) Physical Examination

It involves careful examination of the patient’s penis and testicles. It also involves checking the nerves for sensation.

2) Blood Tests

Blood tests are done to check signs of underlying heart disease, diabetes, and hormonal changes.

3) Urine Test

Urine tests are also performed for diagnosing any underlying health condition such as diabetes.

4) Ultrasound

It is used to examine the blood vessels that supply blood to penis. Ultrasound is sometimes done in combination with injection or medication in the penis to increase blood flow causing an erection.

5) Psychological Exam

It is done to diagnose any underlying psychological condition which might be causing ED.

diagnosis and tests of erectile dysfunction

Treatment and Care of Erectile Dysfunction

Depending on the cause and severity of the disease, suitable treatment for ED is prescribed. Following are the different types of treatment that can be prescribed. The patient’s partner might also play a major role in deciding the type of treatment.

  • Oral Medications
  • Penis pumps, surgery, and implants
  • Exercise
  • Psychological counseling
  • Injections and suppositories

1) Oral Medications

Following are the oral medications that can be used for treating ED:

  • Sildenafil (Viagra)
  • Tadalafil
  • Vardenafil
  • Avanafil

These medicines enhance the effect of nitric oxide in the body causing relaxation of penis muscles. This helps in causing an erection by increasing the blood flow to the gland. These are not aphrodisiacs and hence do not increase sexual excitement and are not needed for men who have normal erections.

2) Penis Pumps

These are hollow tubes with hand-powered or battery powered pumps that help in causing erections. The tube is placed over the penis and the pump is used to suck out the air inside the tube, creating vacuum. This vacuum pulls blood into the penis leading to an erection. A tension ring is slipped around the base of penis which helps in holding the blood and keeps the penis erect.

3) Penile Implants

It involves surgically placing the implants on both sides of the penis. These implants consist of inflatable or malleable rods which help in controlling when and how long the person can have erections. These rods help in keeping the penis firm, yet it can bend.

4) Exercise

Exercises such as moderate to vigorous aerobics can help in improving ED. However, it has limited benefit in patients with heart disease or other chronic disorders. Less strenuous, regular exercise is helpful in decreasing the risk of developing ED.

5) Psychological Counseling

If ED is caused by stress, anxiety or depression, psychological counseling can be used to alleviate these anxieties.

6) Injections and Suppositories

Alprostadil self-injection can be injected to the base or side of penis. It causes an erection that lasts for no longer than one hour.
Alprostadil urethral suppository is placed inside the penis in penile urethra. Using this, an erection can be achieved within 10 minutes and lasts for 30 – 60 minutes.

Testosterone replacement is recommended in patients who have low levels of testosterone. It can be given as a single therapy or in combination with other therapies.

Erectile dysfunction affects a lot of men throughout the world. It can severely affect a person’s self-image and confidence. It can also lead to depression and other mental conditions. It damages the sense of masculinity and emotional intimacy in relationships with women. It is, therefore, the responsibility of partners of these people to make them feel better and protect them from falling into despair and depression.

treatment and care of erectile dysfunction

OTC Medications and Self-Management Methods for Erectile Dysfunction

OTC Medications for Erectile Dysfunction:

There are only a few over-the-counter medications available to manage ED.

Prelox is a drug, which combines two drugs to increase blood flow by increasing nitric oxide levels in the blood.

DHEA or dehydroepiandrosterone is a supplement that can be used to treat ED. It is also known to have some aphrodisiac and antiaging activity.

Yohimbe is an evergreen tree that grows in African countries and its bark contains an aphrodisiac yohimbine. This compound is thought to help to cure ED which is not caused due to physical reasons.

otc medications and self management methods for erectile dysfunction

Self-Management Methods for Erectile Dysfunction:

Erectile dysfunction can be managed by making some changes in lifestyle. Reducing the risk factor factors that contribute to this disorder like sedentary lifestyle and increased susceptibility to cardiovascular disease can help in managing the symptoms. People should try to reduce weight and achieve healthy BMI. Smoking, substance and alcohol abuse should be stopped altogether. If required, psychological therapy can also be taken to resolve any underlying issue that might be contributing to the dysfunction.

self management methods for erectile dysfunction

Natural Ways to Cure Erectile Dysfunction

There are a few natural supplements that can be used to manage ED. These include:

  • Horny goat weed
  • Ginseng
  • Borax
  • Apple cider vinegar
  • Cayenne pepper and garlic
  • Niacin supplements
  • Liquid zinc supplements

Including fresh fruits, vegetables, herbs such as garlic, ginger along with fish, chicken, healthy grains, seeds, nuts like linseed, pumpkin seeds, chia seeds, Brazil nuts, and whole grains with plenty of Himalayan pink rock salt in the diet is said to have a positive effect on penile function. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with proper exercise and a healthy weight is important for having normal penile function. Smoking and drinking should be avoided.

natural ways to cure erectile dysfunction

Health Tip by Expert

Erectile dysfunction can be avoided by following a healthy lifestyle and maintaining healthy weight. Patients suffering from chronic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes should try to keep their cholesterol and HDL levels in check. Smoking and alcohol consumption should be avoided. If a person still develops ED, it can be managed with therapy. There is no need to feel embarrassed about it. It is advised not to rely on over the counter therapies and get the condition checked by a medical practitioner.

How to Reduce Belly Fat – Effective Ways to Get Toned Belly

July 24, 2020

Belly fat is not just inconvenient, but also harmful. It paves the way for some major health conditions like diabetes and heart ailments. People, who look thin, but have accumulated high belly fat, are also at a higher risk of developing these diseases.

It sits deep inside the abdominal cavity between the organs, and is difficult to get rid of. It is mainly caused due to sedentary lifestyle, but there are other factors responsible for its accumulation:

  • Fat-rich diet
  • Genetic makeup
  • Age

This stubborn belly fat can be reduced with proper diet and necessary exercise. Some effective ways to reduce belly fat are discussed below:

Consuming Sufficient Amount of Water-Soluble Fibers

Water-soluble fibers absorb water up on consumption and form a gel-like substance, which settles in the gut. This extends the time of emptying the stomach; thereby, slowing down the digestion. Due to delayed digestion, you feel full for a relatively longer period. Many studies have suggested that several water-soluble fibers help reduce belly fat by naturally lowering the craving to eat more. Some major sources of water-soluble fibers are flaxseeds, Brussels sprouts, legumes, shirataki noodles and blackberries.

Consuming Sufficient Amount of Water-Soluble Fibers for reduce belly fat

Abstain from Trans Fat

Trans fats are generally found in mayonnaise, cheese spreads and in some packaged foods. Trans fats are known elevate the level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL – bad cholesterol) and reduces the level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL – good cholesterol). Consumption of trans fats can cause numerous problems, such as inflammation, heart diseases and insulin resistance to name a few. A study has shown that people, who consume trans fats have 33% more belly fat.

Abstain from Trans Fat for reduce belly fat

Drink Green Tea

Green tea is extremely helpful in reducing belly fat. It contains antioxidants like epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), which helps in boosting metabolism and hence, decreases the accumulation of fat inside the body. The effects are even more pronounced when consumption of green tea is complimented by regular exercise.

Drink green tea for reduce belly fat

Try Fasting

Apart from spiritual reasons, the scientific explanation behind the benefits of fasting is that fasting gives rest to the digestive system. It increases the efficacy of digestive system and reduces the total calorie and fat intake. General patterns of fasting involve 24-hour fast once or twice a week, and fasting for the first 16 hours in a day and then, eating food in the remaining 8-hour period.

Try fasting for reduce belly fat

Increase the Intake of Probiotics and Supplements

Probiotics are live microorganisms, especially bacteria that are found in some foods or can be taken through specific probiotic supplements. These have plethora of benefits on one’s health. They improve digestion, gut health and boost the immune system.

Increase the Intake of Probiotics and Supplements for reduce belly fat

Avoid Consuming Alcohol in Excess

Excess of alcohol can pose serious health risks. Researches suggest that getting inebriated is a major reason of increased belly fat. Reducing the intake of alcohol helps in decreasing the waist size or belly fat.

Avoid Consuming Alcohol in Excess for reduce belly fat

Start Eating Fatty Fish

Fatty fish have innumerable health benefits. It has numerous healthy proteins, and is rich in omega-3 fatty acids. It protects you from various diseases by booting the immune system. Several studies indicate that omega 3-fatty acids help reduce visceral and trans fats. Optimum level of consumption should be around 2-3 servings every week. Some of the best fatty fish are anchovies, salmon, sardines and herrings.

Start Eating Fatty Fish for reduce belly fat

Include Ample of Protein in your Diet Plan

Protein serves as the core when it comes to weight management. High-protein diets improve metabolism and promotes fullness. It also helps in retaining muscle mass during weight loss. Researches suggest that people, who eat high-protein diet are less susceptible to accumulate belly fat. Some rich sources of proteins are meat, fish, eggs and dairy, among others.

Include Ample of Protein in your Diet Plan for reduce belly fat

Get Plenty of Sleep

Proper sleep is very important, not just to manage weight, but from other health aspects as well. Studies show that people, who don’t get enough sleep tend to gain weight, including the belly fat. Sleep apnea – a condition in which breathing stops intermittently, has also been known to be a reason behind the accumulation of belly fat. One is suggested to sleep for 6 – 7 hours per night.

Get Plenty of Sleep for Reduce belly fat

Indulge in Resistance Training

Resistance training, commonly known as strength training or weight lifting is very important for increasing strength, endurance, and muscle mass. It also helps in decreasing belly fat by cutting on trans-fat deposits. According to some studies, strength training is particularly beneficial for people suffering from Type II diabetes and fatty liver disease. Effects of resistance training can be further increased by including aerobic exercises in the plan. Taking prior advice from a certified personal trainer is recommended.

Indulge in Resistance Training for reduce belly fat

Reduce Stress Levels

High stress levels trigger the production of cortisol (stress hormone). According to various studies, elevated cortisol level increases appetite. People with increased appetite tend to eat more, allowing extra, unused calories to accumulate in the body as fat. Hence, waist size of a person is directly proportional to the cortisol level. Active participation in recreational activities have been proved to lower the production of stress hormone.

Reduce Stress Levels for reduce belly fat

Avoid Consuming Refined Carbs

Decreasing the intake of carbs can be beneficial in losing belly fat. The daily carb intake should be 50 – 150 mg if a person is looking forward to reduce belly fat. Moreover, instead of completely cutting on your carb intake, simply replacing refined carbs with unprocessed starchy carbs (USCs) can substantially help reduce belly fat.

Avoid Consuming Refined Carbs for reduce belly fat

Use Coconut Oil for Cooking

When we talk about healthy fats, coconut oil tops the list. Coconut oil have medium-chain fats that help boost metabolism and so, decrease belly fat. However, coconut oil has a high calorific value; therefore, instead of adding it to the diet, one can replace other fats by it.

Use Coconut Oil for Cooking for reduce belly fat

Indulge In Cardio Exercises

Cardio or aerobic exercises are one of the best ways to burn your fat deposits. It helps in getting rid of belly fat in a very effective way. Nevertheless, benefits may vary according to the intensity and duration of workout.

Indulge In Cardio Exercises for reduce belly fat

Avoid Sugar Consumption

Sugar or more specifically fructose, has been linked to numerous chronic conditions, such as heart diseases, obesity and type II diabetes. It is worth noting that even healthier sugars (honey) can also lead to increased belly fats, and should be used sparingly.

Avoid Sugar Consumption for reduce belly fat

Include Berries in Diet

Berries are rich sources of anti-oxidants, and have been known to be very useful in reducing belly fat. They help reduce the inflammation and fat deposits all over the body. Strawberry, raspberry and blueberry are also a good source of resveratrol, which helps reduce the risk of dementia.

Include Berries in Diet for reduce belly fat

Be Sun Friendly

It has been proved through numerous researches that working out in sun catalysis the fat shedding process. The so-called vitamin D source seems to disintegrate fat deposits, making it earlier to lose. Be sure not to have more than 20 minutes of sunscreen-free interaction with the natural rays.

Be Sun Friendly for reduce belly fat

Eat More of Nuts

Nuts are a rich source of mono-unsaturated fats – the right kind of fat for the body. Research done by Reina Sofia University Hospital indicated that people, who consumed nuts like cashew, ground nuts and so on decreased their belly fat by around 20% in a 28-day period.

Eat More of Nuts for reduce belly fat

Brush Your Teeth Daily

Apart from giving you an ethereal smile, brushing your teeth after every meal can actually help you reduce belly fat. Researches show that brushing teeth have a Pavlovian response, signaling your brain that the kitchen is closed.

Brush Your Teeth Daily for reduce belly fat

Taste Some Garlic

Including the flavor of garlic in your food can be beneficial. It makes your liver healthier and enhances your metabolism. This in turn decreases a lot of fat deposits around the belly area.

Taste Some Garlic for reduce belly fat

Make Your Food a Little Acidic

Various researches by Korean Universities have shown that adding a little vinegar and other such acidic ingredients in your food can boost the metabolism by about 40%.

Make Your Food a Little Acidic for reduce belly fat

Drink Enough Water

Drinking sufficient amount of water has countless benefits. Have 8 – 9 glasses of water daily or use the following formula to calculate your optimum level of water intake:

Number of glasses of water = (your weight in kilogram) / 30

Water helps remove excess fat from your body, and detoxifies the body by flushing out toxins.

Drink Enough Water for reduce belly fat